O’Connor, James. 1992. “Murder on the Orient Express: The political economy of the Gulf War.” Social Justice 19, 1 (47): 62-75.
In which the author shows how Iraq alienated itself from other, more tyrannical oil-producing countries and the US in spreading the oil wealth across Iraq society.
A story not unrelated to Libya, where Ghaddaffi promoted pan-Africanism and spread oil wealth across Libyan society.
The US supported both Hussein and Ghaddaffi, and both were not democratic leaders, and like other non-democratic leaders, they have authorized atrocities. And yet, overthrowing these leaders is not about aiding democracy. In the absence of intention and capacity to establish democracy–which is not US/Euro capitalist dominance–war and occupation assists Euro-American imperialism, not democracy, evidently in the case of Iraq (and probably Libya) at the expense of the welfare of the citizens of those countries.
Here is Liberal Juan Cole’s expert defense of Euro-American warfare in Libya.
Here is Liberal-leftist Glenn Greenwald’s well-argued defense of critical pacifism in the West, as regards Libya. And here is an anti-imperialist Monde Diplomatique perspective on Libya.